Measurement of the Pion Polarisability at COMPASS, and more about the Pion's Chiral Dynamics
Dr. Jan Friedrich (Physik-Department E18, TU München)
The polarisability of a compound object tells us something about the inner binding - in case of the pion, its QCD structure allows only for a tiny deformation under electromagnetic forces. This has been systematically understood in terms of chiral perturbation theory, but has been for several decades in significant tension with the available experimental determinations. The COMPASS experiment at CERN has recently completed an analysis for a measurement, where the scattering of high-energetic pions in the Coulomb field of nuclei is identified and can be interpreted as Pion-Photon induced reactions. The extracted value for the pion polarisability indicates the solution of a 30 years old riddle in particle physics.